A Schinzel ; M Skalba - Integral points on circles

hrj:5116 - Hardy-Ramanujan Journal, January 23, 2019 - https://doi.org/10.46298/hrj.2019.5116
Integral points on circles

Authors: A Schinzel ; M Skalba

Sixty years ago the first named author gave an example \cite{sch} of a circle passing through an arbitrary number of integral points. Now we shall prove: {\it The number $N$ of integral points on the circle $(x-a)^2+(y-b)^2=r^2$ with radius $r=\frac{1}{n}\sqrt{m}$, where $m,n\in\mathbb Z$, $m,n>0$, $\gcd(m,n^2)$ squarefree and $a,b\in\mathbb Q$ does not exceed $r(m)/4$, where $r(m)$ is the number of representations of $m$ as the sum of two squares, unless $n|2$ and $n\cdot (a,b)\in\mathbb Z^2$; then $ N\leq r(m)$}.

Published on: January 23, 2019
Submitted on: January 23, 2019
Keywords: sums of two squares,Gaussian integers 2010 Mathematics Subject Classification 11D25,11D09, [ MATH ] Mathematics [math], [ MATH.MATH-NT ] Mathematics [math]/Number Theory [math.NT]


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