Volume 43 - Special Commemorative volume in honour of Srinivasa Ramanujan - 2020

1. Partition-theoretic formulas for arithmetic densities, II

Ken Ono ; Robert Schneider ; Ian Wagner.
In earlier work generalizing a 1977 theorem of Alladi, the authors proved a partition-theoretic formula to compute arithmetic densities of certain subsets of the positive integers N as limiting values of q-series as q → ζ a root of unity (instead of using the usual Dirichlet series to compute densities), replacing multiplicative structures of N by analogous structures in the integer partitions P. In recent work, Wang obtains a wide generalization of Alladi's original theorem, in which arithmetic densities of subsets of prime numbers are computed as values of Dirichlet series arising from Dirichlet convolutions. Here the authors prove that Wang's extension has a partition-theoretic analogue as well, yielding new q-series density formulas for any subset of N. To do so, we outline a theory of q-series density calculations from first principles, based on a statistic we call the "q-density" of a given subset. This theory in turn yields infinite families of further formulas for arithmetic densities.

2. A localized Erdős-Kac theorem

Anup B Dixit ; M Ram Murty.
Let ω_y (n) be the number of distinct prime divisors of n not exceeding y. If y_n is an increasing function of n such that log y_n = o(log n), we study the distribution of ω_{y_n} (n) and establish an analog of the Erdős-Kac theorem for this function. En route, we also prove a variant central limit theorem for random variables, which are not necessarily independent, but are well approximated by independent random variables.

3. Congruences modulo powers of 5 for the rank parity function

Dandan Chen ; Rong Chen ; Frank Garvan.
It is well known that Ramanujan conjectured congruences modulo powers of 5, 7 and 11 for the partition function. These were subsequently proved by Watson (1938) and Atkin (1967). In 2009 Choi, Kang, and Lovejoy proved congruences modulo powers of 5 for the crank parity function. The generating function for the rank parity function is f (q), which is the first example of a mock theta function that Ramanujan mentioned in his last letter to Hardy. We prove congruences modulo powers of 5 for the rank parity function.

4. (q-)Supercongruences hit again

Wadim Zudilin.
Using an intrinsic q-hypergeometric strategy, we generalise Dwork-type congruences H(p^{s+1})/H(p^s) ≡ H(p^s)/H(p^{s−1}) (mod p 3) for s = 1, 2,. .. and p a prime, when H(N) are truncated hypergeometric sums corresponding to the periods of rigid Calabi-Yau threefolds.

5. Arithmetical Fourier transforms and Hilbert space: Restoration of the lost legacy

J.-W Feng ; S Kanemitsu ; T Kuzumaki.
In this survey-type paper we show that the seemingly unrelated two fields-Chebyshev-Markov expansion (CME) [On83] and Arithmetical Fourier Transform (AFT) [Che10]-are indeed different looks of one entity, by the plausible missing link-Romanoff-Wintner theory (RWT). RWT generalizes both approaches, CME and AFR, and was developed in [Wi44] and [Ro51a], [Ro51b] which were written independently. These two lost researches are very closely related and effective for producing new number-theoretic identities. Cf. [CKT09] for fragmental restoration of them.

6. Ramanujan's Beautiful Integrals

Bruce Berndt ; Atul Dixit.
Throughout his entire mathematical life, Ramanujan loved to evaluate definite integrals. One can find them in his problems submitted to the Journal of the Indian Mathematical Society, notebooks, Quarterly Reports to the University of Madras, letters to Hardy, published papers and the Lost Notebook. His evaluations are often surprising, beautiful, elegant, and useful in other mathematical contexts. He also discovered general methods for evaluating and approximating integrals. A survey of Ramanujan's contributions to the evaluation of integrals is given, with examples provided from each of the above-mentioned sources.

7. Bounds for d-distinct partitions

Soon-Yi Kang ; Young Kim.
Euler's identity and the Rogers-Ramanujan identities are perhaps the most famous results in the theory of partitions. According to them, 1-distinct and 2-distinct partitions of n are equinumerous with partitions of n into parts congruent to ±1 modulo 4 and partitions of n into parts congruent to ±1 modulo 5, respectively. Furthermore, their generating functions are modular functions up to multiplication by rational powers of q. For d ≥ 3, however, there is neither the same type of partition identity nor modularity for d-distinct partitions. Instead, there are partition inequalities and mock modularity related with d-distinct partitions. For example, the Alder-Andrews Theorem states that the number of d-distinct partitions of n is greater than or equal to the number of partitions of n into parts which are congruent to ±1 (mod d+3). In this note, we present the recent developments of generalizations and analogs of the Alder-Andrews Theorem and establish asymptotic lower and upper bounds for the d-distinct partitions. Using the asymptotic relations and data obtained from computation, we propose a conjecture on a partition inequality that gives an upper bound for d-distinct partitions. Specifically, for d ≥ 4, the number of d-distinct partitions of n is less than or equal to the number of partitions of n into parts congruent to ±1 (mod m), where m ≤ 2dπ^2 / [3 log^2 (d)+6 log d] .

8. A Reinforcement Learning Based Algorithm to Find a Triangular Graham Partition

Kim Byungchan.

9. A heuristic guide to evaluating triple-sums

Eric Mortenson.
Using a heuristic that relates Appell-Lerch functions to divergent partial theta functions one can expand Hecke-type double-sums in terms of Appell-Lerch functions. We give examples where the heuristic can be used as a guide to evaluate analogous triple-sums in terms of Appell-Lerch functions or false theta functions.

10. Distribution of generalized mex-related integer partitions

Kalyan Chakraborty ; Chiranjit Ray.
The minimal excludant or "mex" function for an integer partition π of a positive integer n, mex(π), is the smallest positive integer that is not a part of π. Andrews and Newman introduced σmex(n) to be the sum of mex(π) taken over all partitions π of n. Ballantine and Merca generalized this combinatorial interpretation to σrmex(n), as the sum of least r-gaps in all partitions of n. In this article, we study the arithmetic density of σ_2 mex(n) and σ_3 mex(n) modulo 2^k for any positive integer k.

11. A universal identity for theta functions of degree eight and applications

Zhi-Guo Liu.
Previously, we proved an identity for theta functions of degree eight, and several applications of it were also discussed. This identity is a natural extension of the addition formula for the Weierstrass sigma-function. In this paper we will use this identity to reexamine our work in theta function identities in the past two decades. Hundreds of results about elliptic modular functions, both classical and new, are derived from this identity with ease. Essentially, this general theta function identity is a theta identities generating machine. Our investigation shows that many well-known results about elliptic modular functions with different appearances due to Jacobi, Kiepert, Ramanujan and Weierstrass among others, actually share a common source. This paper can also be seen as a summary of my past work on theta function identities. A conjecture is also proposed.

12. One level density of low-lying zeros of quadratic Hecke L-functions to prime moduli

Peng Gao ; Liangyi Zhao.
In this paper, we study the one level density of low-lying zeros of a family of quadratic Hecke L-functions to prime moduli over the Gaussian field under the generalized Riemann hypothesis (GRH) and the ratios conjecture. As a corollary, we deduce that at least 75% of the members of this family do not vanish at the central point under GRH.